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Benefits of Oral Contraceptives
by: Olivia Andrews

Birth control pills have been an effective method for women to plan their family thereby preventing unnecessary risks of pregnancy. However, it is important to remember that oral contraceptives do not protect a woman from sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.

How The Pill Works?
There are various hormonal methods for birth control, which work by changing the chemistry of a woman's body. It is a fact that male sperm cannot fertilize if there is no egg released. This concept is widely agreed as a proven mechanism to prevent pregnancy.

Women naturally produce two types of hormones namely, estrogen and progestin. All the contraceptives that are based on hormones contain artificial estrogen and progestin as their ingredient.

Advantages of Oral Contraceptives
Benefits of taking a birth control pill is that these help in gaining lighter and shorter menstruation periods. Helps in decreasing menstrual cramps, reduced ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, and most importantly, endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer.
YAZ has been shown to help with PMDD - premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Side Effects of Birth Control Pills
There are certain side effects associated with an oral contraception such as:
1. Blurred vision
2. Severe headache
3. Uncommon leg or thigh pain
4. Severe chest pain or coughing
5. Abdominal pain

Types of Birth Control Pills
There are four types of oral contraceptives broadly diversified:
1. Combined pills that contains both estrogen and progestin and is the most common type of pills used.
2. Emergency contraceptive pills used to avoid pregnancy in those cases in which the females can become pregnant because of unprotected sexual intercourse. This has to be taken within 3 days of the sexual intercourse. This should NOT be used as a form of birth control.
3. Minipill that is used by women who are unable to take estrogen for some reason because these pills does not contain estrogen.
4. Phased regimen pill are rarely used today but mostly by women who are over the age of 35 years.

Plan B®, is available over-the-counter in the United States without a prescription if you are age 18 or older.

If you need Plan B and you are under the age of 18, see your health care provider right away after unprotected intercourse for a prescription for it. It can also be used if the condom you were using broke, but time is of the essense. It is also used to help prevent conception if you are raped.

Please visit our website for more information about medicines.

Olivia Andrews, writing for is a freelance journalist and has written many reviews on subjects such as finance, education, health, entertainment, music, gifts, crafts, travel, apparels and mobile phones.

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